Padideh Sirjan Pistachio company owns high quality Pistachio Gardens, storage and packing facilities in Sirjan, a city known for its great climate for prime pistachio in the world. not every climate in the world, or even in Iran, can perform such quality to its Pistachio trees. We double the advantage of such gift with expertise and profession in growing these valuable fruits carefully.

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Information Pistachio

The scientific name for the pistachio is Pistacia vera L. It is a member of the family Anacardiaceae which contains such widely known plants as the cashew, mango and poison oak.

It is a deciduous tree, requiring approximately 1,000 hours of temperature at or below 45° F. in order to grow normally after its winter dormancy. Pistachio nut trees, generally, are suited for areas where summers are long, hot and dry, and the winters are moderately cold. A native desert tree, it does not tolerate high humidity in the growing season.

The trees are dormant from December through February and begin to bloom with the arrival of warmer weather in late March. The male pollinates the female via the April winds, and the shell of the nut is fully developed by mid-May. Before June ends, the seed inside the shell has begun its rapid expansion and by the first of August, the seed has filled the shell. The nuts, splitting at the seams, are usually ready to be harvested beginning September 10th.

Pistacia vera L. probably originated in Central Asia where large stands of wild trees are found in areas known today as Iran, Turkey and Afghanistan. The first commercial plantings in these countries were most likely started from seeds collected from the best wild trees. The tree was introduced into Mediterranean Europe at about the beginning of the Christian era. The climate in the Tularosa Basin is almost identical to the pistachio producing areas of Iran and Turkey. The altitude of both areas is identical.

Although the pistachio was first introduced into California by the US Department of Agriculture about 1904, very little interest was generated until the 1950’s. Since that time, pistachios have become a significant farm commodity in California.

Plantings have also been made in Arizona, New Mexico and Texas in those areas that meet the climate criteria. The tree flourishes and bears well in well-drained soils, but its root system will not tolerate prolonged wet conditions. It seems more tolerant to alkaline and saline conditions than most other commercial trees. The vigor and productive life of the tree is extremely long lasting. In the mid-East, there are trees on record of having productivity of several hundred years.

The pistachio is a small tree, reaching about 30 feet of height at full maturity. Usual commercial plantings are approximately 120 trees per acre. They begin to produce nuts in the 4th or 5th year after planting, and good production takes 8 to 10 years, with full bearing maturity occurring after 15 to 20 years. Average yield per tree is 1/2 lb the 5th year, increasing to up to 80 lb at maturity.

A large percentage of pistachios is marketed in the shell for eating-out-of-the-hand snack food. Pistachios are a rich source of essential nutrients, fiber and protein. Low in saturated fat and cholesterol free, increasing numbers of people are discovering how enjoyable this delicious nut can be.

Iranian Pistachios

The pistachio tree is an old tree with a great antiquity. There are many opinions about its origin; mostly know the internal area of IRAN as the original region that this tree has grown there for the first time. The historic signs about its antiquity show that thousand years before Christ its nut has been eaten as a food in Asia. After many years it introduced and carried to some other parts of world.
As though the hot and dry climate of IRAN is very compatible with the characteristic of this tree it has splendor in this country more than everywhere in the world.
Now Iran’s pistachio is one of the best pistachios in the world. Naturally this situation causes that Iran gain considerable success and progress in different processes of sowing, fostering and harvesting of pistachio.
Compatibility of Pistachio This tree grows in area that the winter is very cold and the summer is hot and long. This plant is very strong against drought and hot weather in summer .It is outwardly a very wide tree and has many branches which spread around it and sometimes its width is about seven meter.
The crop of this is nearly red or white and grows in a cluster like grip. There is a hard shell around the edible kernel of pistachio. The pistachio tree has a long life. If it grows in suitable condition it will be alive more than 100 years.
The pistachio kernel contains many food staffs that are incomparable. Its kernel is full of vitamins (such as B1, B2), salts and also proteins which increase its alimentary value. On the average each 100 grammars of pistachio kernel produces about 594 calorie energy.
Pistachio is incomparable among other dried nuts because of some characteristic. Its half open shell helps its producer to roast and salt it without opening its hard shell and easily packing it and present to customers.
Harvest of Pistachio
The trees begin to bloom with the arrival of warm weather in late March. The male pollinates the female via the April winds, and the shell of the nut is fully developed by mid-May. Before June ends, the seed inside the shell has begun its rapid expansion and by the first of August, the seed has filled the shell. The nuts, splitting at the seams, are usually ready to be harvested beginning September 10th.
Harvest of pistachio includes picking the fruits from the trees by hand, separating the outer hull from the hard shell and washing by machines then dry it in the sun. Then separate cracked nuts from closed nuts, sort and pack nuts using machines.
Different Kind of Iranian Pistachio
In accordance to the external shape of the pistachio it is divided to four major groups:
1.Round Iranian Pistachio (Fandoghi)
Size : 28/30 to 32/34
Type Available: Natural Pistachio/ Closed Pistachio/ Mechanically Opened Pistachio/ Roasted and Salted Pistachio/ Roasted Pistachio /Roasted and salted pistachio with added lime
2. Jumbo Iranian Pistachio (Kalleqouchi)
Size : 20/22 - 24/26
Type Available: Natural Pistachio/ Closed Pistachio/ Mechanically Opened Pistachio / Roasted and Salted Pistachio / Roasted Pistachio /Roasted and salted pistachio with added lime
3. Long Iranian Pistachio (Akbari, Ahmadaghae, Badami)
Size Available: 20/22 - 24/26
Type Available: Natural Pistachio/ Closed Pistachio/ Mechanically Opened Pistachio/ Roasted and Salted Pistachio/ Roasted Pistachio/ Roasted and salted pistachio with added lime
4. Kernel Pistachio and green skinned pistachio
Packing: Normal packing Jute bag, other packing such as carton, cellophane, Vacuum, etc., by order is available.

Types of Iranian Pistachio: Product of Iranian pistachio have type of varieties from the view point of shape and quality
Kalleh Ghouchi Pistachio (Jumbo)
Fandoghi Pistachio (Round)
Akbari Pistachio (Long)
Ahmad Aghaei Pistachio (Long)
Badami Pistachio (Long)